The term 'white elephant sale' was sometimes used in Australia as a synonym for jumble sale. S., a white elephant gift exchange is a popular winter holiday party activity. The idiom Elephant in the room tells of an obvious truth that no one wants to discuss, alluding to the animal's size compared to a small space. " seeing pink elephants " refers to a drunken hallucination and is the basis for the pink Elephants on Parade sequence in the 1941 Disney animated feature, dumbo. "Jumbo" has entered the English language as a synonym for "large". K jumbo originally was the name of a huge elephant acquired by circus showman. Barnum from the london zoo in 1882. The name itself may have come from a west African l native word for "elephant".
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43 south Africa, uses elephant tusks in their coat of arms to represent wisdom, strength, moderation and eternity. 44 The elephant is symbolically important to the nation of ivory coast ( Côte d'ivoire the coat of arms of ivory coast features an elephant head escutcheon as kindergarten its focal point. In the western African Kingdom of Dahomey (now part of Benin ) the elephant was associated with the 19th century rulers of the fon people, guezo and his son Glele. J The animal is believed to evoke strength, royal legacy, and enduring memory as related by the proverbs: " There where the elephant passes in the forest, one knows " and " The animal steps on the ground, but the elephant steps down with strength.". Popular culture edit The elephant has entered into popular culture through various idiomatic expressions and adages. The phrase "Elephants never forget" refers to the belief that elephants have excellent memories. The variation "Women and elephants never forget an injury" originates from the 1904 book reginald on Besetting Sins by British writer Hector Hugh Munro, better known as saki. 46 47 This adage seems to have a basis in fact, as reported in Scientific American : Remarkable recall power, researchers believe, is a big part of how elephants survive. Matriarch elephants, in particular, hold a store of social knowledge that their families can scarcely do without, according to research conducted on elephants at Amboseli national Park in Kenya. 48 " seeing the Elephant " is a 19th-century Americanism denoting a world-weary experience; 49 often used by soldiers, pioneers and adventurers to qualify new and exciting adventures such as the civil War, the Oregon Trail and the california gold Rush. A " white elephant " has become a term referring to an expensive burden, particularly when much has been invested with false expectations.
G More recently in Britain, welephant, a red elephant cartoon character with a fireman's helmet, was originally used as a mascot by fire resumes brigades in the United Kingdom to promote fire safety for children and has become the mascot for the Children's Burn Trust. 36 In America edit The elephant as the symbol for the republican Party of the United States originated in an 1874 political cartoon of an Asian elephant by Thomas Nast in Harper's weekly. This cartoon, titled "Third Term Panic is a parody of Aesop's fable, h " The Ass in the lion's skin ". It depicts an elephant (labelled The republican Vote ) running toward a chasm of chaos ; frightening a jackass i in a lion's skin (labelled caesarism ) which scatters animals representing various interests. Although Nast used the elephant seven more times to represent the "Republican Vote he did not use it to represent the republican Party until March 1884 in "The sacred Elephant". 40 In Africa edit many African cultures revere the African Elephant as a symbol of strength and power. 41 42 It is also praised for its size, longevity, stamina, mental faculties, cooperative spirit, and loyalty.
The city of Catania, sicily has an immemorial connection with the elephant. The local sorcerer Heliodorus, was credited with either riding a magic elephant or transforming himself into this animal. Under Medieval Arab rule catania was known as Medinat-Al-Fil or Balad-Al-Fil (City/State of the Elephant). The symbol of the city is the fontana dell'Elefante (Fountain of the Elephant) assembled in its present form in 1736 by dates giovanni battista vaccarini. In Central London, England, an area known as the " Elephant and Castle " (or "The Elephant is centered on a major road intersection and a station of the london Underground. The "Castle" in the location's name refers to a medieval perception of a howdah. The heraldic elephant and castle has also been associated with the city of coventry, england since medieval times, where it denotes religious symbolism f and with the town of Dumbarton, Scotland.
31 In Europe edit collar of the danish Order of the Elephant. See also: History of elephants in Europe Aside from being a curiosity for Europeans, the elephant also became a symbol of military might from the experience of fighting foreign powers that fielded war elephants throughout history. 32 After Alexander the Great 's victory over King Porus of India, the captured war elephants became a symbol of imperial power, being used as an emblem of the seleucid diadoch empire. Later, when Napoleon Bonaparte wanted a monument to his own imperial power, he decreed that a colossal bronze elephant fountain be cast from guns captured at his victorious Battle of Friedland, for the site where the bastille once stood. 33 The Order of the Elephant ( Danish : Elefantordenen ) is the highest order of Denmark. This very select religious organization was founded by king Christian i in 1478, using the elephant as a symbol of docility, sobriety and piety; 34 instituted in its current form in 1693 by king Christian. One of the elephants shot for its meat at Paris in December 1870. The killing and eating of the elephants Castor and Pollux from the botanical gardens during the 1870 siege of Paris received considerable attention at the time. This became emblematic of the hardships and degradation caused by siege and war, especially since the two elephants were previously very popular with the parisian public.
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They are used as a representative of various political parties such as United National Party of Sri lanka and Bahujan Samaj Party of India. The Elephants of Kerala are an integral part of the daily life in Kerala, south India. 29 These Indian elephants are loved, revered, groomed and given a prestigious place in the state's culture. 30 There they are often referred to as the 'sons of the sahya.' The elephant is the state animal of Kerala and is featured on the emblem of the government of Kerala. The elephant is also on the flag of the kingdom of laos with three elephants visible, supporting an umbrella (another symbol of royal power) until it became a republic in 1975.
Other southeast Asian realms have also displayed one or more white elephants. The elephant also lends its name to some landmarks in Asia. Elephanta Island (also called "Gharapuri Island in Mumbai harbour was given this name by 17th century portuguese explorers who saw a monolithic basalt sculpture of an elephant near the entrance to what became known as the Elephanta caves. The portuguese attempted to take it home with them trolley but ended up dropping it into the sea because their chains were not strong enough. Later, the British moved this elephant to the victoria and Albert Museum (now. Bhau daji lad Museum ) in Mumbai.
The scattered skulls of prehistoric dwarf elephants, on the islands of Crete and Sicily may have formed the basis of belief in existence of cyclopes, c the one-eyed giants featured in Homer 's Odyssey (c. As early as the 1370s, scholars had noted that the skulls feature a large nasal cavity at the front that could be mistaken for a singular eye socket; 13 and the skulls, twice the size of a human's, looked as if they could belong. 13 14 It is also suggested that the behemoth described in the book of Job may be the elephant due to its grazing habits and preference to rivers. 15 From Stone age rock-art to modern age street-art, the elephant has remained a popular subject for artists. Prehistoric edit Prehistoric North Africans depicted the elephant in Paleolithic age rock art. For example, the libyan Tadrart Acacus, a unesco world Heritage site, features a rock carving of an elephant from the last phase of the Pleistocene epoch (12,0008000 BC) 16 rendered with remarkable realism.
17 There are many other prehistoric examples, including neolithic rock art of south Oran (Algeria), and a white elephant rock painting in 'Phillip's cave' by the san in the Erongo region of Namibia. 18 From the bovidian d period (35503070 bce elephant images by the san bushmen in the south African Cederberg Wilderness Area suggest to researchers that they had "a symbolic association with elephants" and "had a deep understanding of the communication, behaviour and social structure. 21 At Unakoti, tripura there is an 11th-century group of reliefs related to Shiva, including several elephants. Indian painting includes many elephants, especially ones ridden for battle and royal transport in Mughal miniatures. Modern edit Elephants are often featured in modern artistic works, including those by artists such as Norman Rockwell, 22 Andy warhol 23 and Banksy. 24 The stork-legged elephant, found in many of Salvador Dalí 's works, e is one of the surrealist 's best known Icons, and adorn the walls of the dalí museum in Spain. Politics and secular society edit The elephant is also depicted by various political groups and in secular society. In Asia edit Asian cultures admire the high intelligence and good memory of Asian elephants. As such, they symbolise wisdom 28 and royal power.
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This is generally related in the five verses of the chapter titled ' the Elephant ' b in the quran. 11 In the judeo-christian tradition, medieval artists depicted the mutual killing of both Eleazar the maccabee and a war elephant carrying an important Seleucid general as described in the apocryphal book of 1 Maccabees. The early illustrators knew little of the elephant and their portrayals are highly inaccurate. 12 The unfamiliarity with the exotic beast has also made elephants a subject of widely different interpretations thus giving rise to mythological creatures. The story of the blind men and an elephant was written to show how reality may be viewed from differing perspectives. The source of this parable is unknown, but it appears to have originated in India. It has been diary attributed to buddhists, hindus, business jainists, and Sufis, and was also used by discordians.
7 Elephants remain an integral part of religion in south Asia and some are even featured in various religious practices. 8 Temple elephants are specially trained captive elephants that are lavishly caparisoned and used in various temple activities. Among the most famous of the temple elephants is Guruvayur Keshavan of Kerala, india. They are also used in festivals in Sri lanka such as the Esala perahera. In the version of the Chinese zodiac used in Northern Thailand, the last year in the 12-year cycle called "Year of the pig " in China is known instead as "Year of the Elephant reflecting the importance of elephants in Thai culture. In Islamic tradition, the year 570 is when the Prophet Muhammad was born and is known as the year of the Elephant. 9 In that year, Abraha, ruler of Yemen tried to conquer Mecca and demolish the kaaba, reportedly in retaliation for the previous Meccan defilement of AlQalis Church manager in Sana'a, a cathedral Abraha had constructed. 10 However, his plan was foiled when his white elephant named Mahmud refused to cross the boundary of Mecca. The elephant, who led Abraha's forty thousand men, could not be persuaded with reason or even with violence, which was regarded as a crucial omen by Abraha's soldiers.
power; it is associated with lakshmi, brihaspati, shachi and Indra. Indra was said to ride on a flying white elephant named Airavata, who was made the king of all elephants by lord Indra. A white elephant is rare and given special significance. It is often considered sacred and symbolises royalty in Thailand and Burma, where it is also considered a symbol of good luck. In Buddhist iconography, the elephant is associated with queen māyā of sakya, the mother of gautama buddha. She had a vivid dream foretelling her pregnancy in which a white elephant featured prominently. 6 to the royal sages, the white elephant signifies royal majesty and authority; they interpreted the dream as meaning that her child was destined for greatness as a universal monarch or a buddha.
The classical, sanskrit literature also attributes earthquakes to the shaking of their bodies when they tire. Wisdom is represented best by the elephant in the form of the deity. Ganesh, one of the most popular gods in the. Hindu religion 's pantheon. Sometimes known as Ganesha, this deity is very distinctive in having a human form with the head of an elephant. This was put on after the human head was either was cut off or burned, depending on the version of the story from various Hindu sources. Lord Ganesha's birthday (rebirth) is celebrated as the hindu festival known. 4, in, japanese buddhism, their adaptation of Ganesha is known. Kangiten deva of Bliss often represented as an elephant-headed male and female pair shown in a standing embrace to represent unity of opposites.
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Elephants have been depicted in mythology, symbolism and popular culture. They are both revered in religion and respected for their prowess in war. They also have negative connotations such as being a symbol for an unnecessary burden. Ever since with the stone age, when elephants were represented by ancient petroglyphs and cave art, they have been portrayed in various forms of art, including pictures, sculptures, music, film, and even architecture. Contents, religion, mythology and philosophy edit, the, asian elephant appears in various religious traditions and mythologies. They are treated positively and are sometimes revered as deities, often symbolising strength and wisdom. Similarly, the, african elephant is seen as the wise chief who impartially settles disputes among the forest creatures in African fables, 2 and the, ashanti tradition holds that they are human chiefs from the past. 3, the earth is supported and guarded by mythical. World Elephants at the compass points of the cardinal directions, according to the, hindu cosmology of ancient India.