After decades of upheaval world War i, prohibition, the depression, world War ii, and the korean War suddenly times werent so hard and the world didnt seem as dangerous. (Kids were told about the threat of a cold War nuclear attack, but it didnt mean much to them and didnt really affect their lives.) Before the 50s, if kids worked it was for the familys survival. During the 50s, if kids worked it was because they were saving up to buy a car or buy parts for the car they had. It was a happy, playful decade for many (white) Americans, even those in the working class, as family cars transformed adult culture and rock and roll transformed teen culture. And one of the points of Grease is that kids of the 50s could afford to worry only about their own trivial problems; there was no world war, no hitler to fear anymore. Though Grease implies many complex things, it is actually about the ordinary, everyday lives of a group of teenagers.
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Duvan, who liked to tease his wife that he married her "just to get Sandy started having sex with his beautiful stepdaughter when she was 8 and continued doing so almost until his death when she was. As a result, sandra dee later suffered from anorexia, depression, and alcoholism throughout her life. All this made her cynically manufactured façade of sweetness even darker and more complex. This was the conventional, repressed, hypocritical, manufactured life from which Sandy dumbrowski must escape. Merkin wrote: The thing is, her career happened so fast, was over practically before it began, that we can almost be forgiven for misconstruing her as a cultural simulacrum: a blip on the monitor, a media invention, an adorable incarnation of a feminine ideal. Grease looks at the fifties with twenty-twenty hindsight and it sees the darkness and deception of the decades role models and authority figures. Sandra name dee wasnt happy in her real life because she was never allowed to be herself to be authentic and Sandy dumbrowski suffers the same problem. Sandra dee represents not just strict morality and virginity in Grease, but the entire manufactured mainstream culture of 1950s America, a culture the kids of Grease reject. Rizzos pretty great at choosing metaphors. Still, for most kids, the fifties were a time when America caught its breath.
And many American girls took sandra dee as a role model but not the real Sandra dee, the cheery public character Sandra dee, confusing her onscreen persona with her real life. Millions of Americans in postwar America were trying to live an American Dream that was london pure fiction, particularly for the working class; and that fiction is symbolized by sandra dee, a fiction at the heart of Sandys arc in Grease. But on another level, the metaphor gets even deeper and this demonstrates the craftsmanship of this script because sandys relationship with Danny mirrors Sandra dees difficult real life relationship with Bobby darin. As rizzo taunts Sandy with "look at me, im Sandra dee she doesnt really know how dark that dark underbelly really. Darphne merkin wrote in The new York times in 2005 at the time of Sandra dees death: the "darling, pink world as she herself characterized it, that Sandra dee was thought to inhabit by her fans had always been a grotesque mockery, plagued not. The girl with brimming brown eyes and a fizzy lilt to her voice was born Alexandria zuck in bayonne, new Jersey. Her parents divorced when she was five; her father, a bus driver, disappeared from her life shortly thereafter, and her mother, mary, married a much-older real-estate entrepreneur named Eugene duvan within a few years. Worse yet, dee's devoted but manipulative mother turned a conveniently blind eye to the defiled sexual appetites of her new husband.
Movie star Sandra dee becomes Greases overarching metaphor for the artificiality of adult American life, a essay symbol that needed piercing. Sandra dee was a big star at this point, and just in the two years that Grease spans, she released The restless years (1958 The reluctant Debutante (1958 a stranger in my arms (1959 gidget (1959 Imitation of Life (1959 The wild and the Innocent. Today, it may be hard to understand what Sandra dee represented, but she was the poster girl for the big studios attempts to make teen movies, a genre which was up until that point the exclusive territory of small, low-budget producers like the ubiquitous Roger. But the studios teen flicks were inevitably artificial in the extreme, creating a freakish and clueless adult imitation of the teen world, a kind of cultural Frankenstein, that teens could see right through. To savvy teenagers, sandra dee was a teen sellout, and in a world where authenticity was the goal, there was nothing worse. She was a fake in her life, in her acting style, and in her onscreen emotions. Teen audiences didnt want that; they wanted High School Hellcats and teenage doll. But adults loved Sandra dee; she reassured them that their teen was a "good girl.".
An experience largely forgotten by most productions of the show today. Like hair before it and The rocky horror Show which would come a year later, Grease is a show about repression versus freedom in American sexuality, about the clumsy, tentative, but clearly emerging sexual freedom of the late 1950s, seen through the lens of the. Its about the near carnal passion 1950s teenagers felt for their rock and roll, the first art form that actually changed human sexuality. (The phrase rock and roll was originally African American urban slang for sexual intercourse, going as far back as the 1920s, and it made its way onto many rhythm and blues recordings before the 1950s.) As theatre, grease finds its roots in the rawness, the. The impact of hair on Grease can even be seen in the two shows titles, both taking as their primary symbols the hairstyles of young Americans as a form of rebellion and cultural declaration of independence. Just as the characters of hair and Grease reject conformity and authority, so too do both hair and Grease as theatre pieces. Like hair, Grease is an anti-musical, closer to the experimental theatre pieces of New Yorks off off Broadway movement in the 60s, and light years from other musicals running on Broadway at the time, like no no nanette (in a terrible revival sugar, The rothschilds. Goodbye to sandra dee, also like hair, Grease is about authenticity, the watchword of that first rock and roll generation. Teen sexuality has been an issue in America since the invention of the rumble seat, always moving forward like a freight train, forever going faster and farther; and Grease is a snapshot of America right before teen sexuality exploded, examining the early cracks in the.
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Shakespeare's Life (Folger Shakespeare library) From the website of the world-renowned Folger Shakespeare library, the largest collection of Shakespeare materials and other Renaissance works. The Shakespeare paper Trail: The early years The bbc presents Michael wood's search through the limited historical record of Shakespeare's early life in Stratford. William Shakespeare biography An online overview of the bard's life from enotes Shakespeare. William Shakespearebiography The william Shakespeare page. William Shakespearebiography and Works An brief biography of William Shakespeare from The literature network. William Shakspere documentary evidence An online presentation of all the documentary evidence we have on Shakespeare.
Inside, grease background and analysis by Scott Miller. The year is 1959, a pivotal moment in American cultural history, when rock and roll was favourite giving birth to the sexual revolution and everything in America culture was about to be turned upside down. Record companies were releasing more than a hundred singles every week and the country was about to explode. Grease, generally considered a trivial little musical about The fabulous Fifties, is really the story of Americas tumultuous crossing over from the 50s to the 60s, throwing over repression and tradition for freedom and adventure (and a generous helping of cultural chaos bio a time when. Originally a rowdy, dangerous, over-sexed, and insightful piece of alternative theatre, grease was inspired by the rule-busting success of hair and shows like it, rejecting the trappings of other Broadway musicals for a more authentic, more visceral, more radical theatre experience that revealed great cultural.
His words have endured for 400 years, and still reach across the centuries as powerfully as ever. Even in death, he leaves a final piece of verse as his epitaph: good friend, for Jesus' sake forbeare. To dig the dust enclosed here. Blessed be the man that spares these stones, And cursed be he that moves my bones. Shakespeare: Anne hathaway, what we don't know about Anne Shakespeare could fill a book. Or several, judging from the published speculation focused on her life and marriage.
William Shakespeare may be the most famous writer in Western literature, but his whereabouts from 1585 to 1592 are a mystery. The ensuing speculation has spawned many interesting theories without producing much hard evidence. In search of Shakespeare, in this groundbreaking, four-part series, pbs explores the life of the world's greatest and most famous writer. William Shakespeare, leigh. Denault presents a great succinct biography sketch of Shakespeare. From Absolute Shakespeare; describes all that is known about Shakespeare's life from available documentation including court and church records, marriage certificates and criticisms by Shakespeare's rivals. Shakespeare's biography (Shakespeare Online an in-depth and accurate biography of William Shakespeare.
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Never before had a playwright enjoyed sufficient acclaim to see his works published and sold as popular literature in the midst of his career. In addition, Shakespeare's ownership share in both the theatrical company and the Globe itself made him as much an entrepeneur as artist. While Shakespeare might not be accounted wealthy by london standards, his success allowed him to purchase new house and retire in comfort to Stratford in 1611. William Shakespeare wrote his will in 1611, bequeathing his properties to his daughter Susanna (married in 1607. To his surviving daughter Judith, he left 300, and to his wife plan Anne left "my second best bed." William Shakespeare allegedly died on his birthday, april 23, 1616. This is probably more of a romantic myth than reality, but Shakespeare was interred at Holy Trinity in Stratford on April. In 1623, two working companions of Shakespeare from the lord Chamberlain's Men, john Heminges and Henry condell, printed the. First Folio edition of his collected plays, of which half were previously unpublished. William Shakespeare's legacy is a body of work that will never again be equaled in Western civilization.
It is estimated that Shakespeare arrived in buy London around 1588 and began to establish himself as an actor and playwright. Evidently Shakespeare garnered some envy early on, as related by the critical attack of Robert Greene, a london playwright, in 1592: ".an upstart crow, beautified with our feathers, that with his Tiger's heart wrapped in a player's hide, supposes he is as well able. Johannes fac totum, is in his own conceit the only Shake-scene in a country.". Greene's bombast notwithstanding, Shakespeare must have shown considerable promise. By 1594, he was not only acting and writing for the lord Chamberlain's Men (called the king's Men after the ascension of James i in 1603 but was a managing partner in the operation as well. With Will Kempe, a master comedian, and Richard Burbage, a leading tragic actor of the day, the lord Chamberlain's Men became a favorite london troupe, patronized by royalty and made popular by the theatre-going public. Shakespeare's accomplishments are apparent when studied against other playwrights of this age. His company was the most successful in London in his day. He had plays published and sold in octavo editions, or "penny-copies" to the more literate of his audiences.
christened at Holy Trinity. Hamnet died in childhood at the age of 11, on August 11, 1596. For the seven years following the birth of his twins, william Shakespeare disappears from all records, finally turning up again in London some time in 1592. This period, known as the ". Lost years has sparked as much controversy about Shakespeare's life as any period. Rowe notes that young Shakespeare was quite fond of poaching, and may have had to flee stratford after an incident with Sir Thomas Lucy, whose deer and rabbits he allegedly poached. There is also rumor of Shakespeare working as an assistant schoolmaster in Lancashire for a time, though this is circumstantial at best.
John Shakespeare had a remarkable run of success as a merchant, alderman, and high bailiff of Stratford, during William's early childhood. His fortunes declined, however, in the margaret late 1570s. There is great conjecture about Shakespeare's childhood years, especially regarding his education. Scholars surmise that Shakespeare attended the grammar school in Stratford. While there are no records extant to prove this claim, Shakespeare's knowledge of Latin and Classical Greek would tend to support this theory. In addition, Shakespeare's first biographer, nicholas Rowe, wrote that John Shakespeare had placed William "for some time in a free school." John Shakespeare, as a stratford official, would have been granted a waiver of tuition for his son. As the records do not exist, we do not know how long William may have attended the school, but the literary quality of his works suggests a solid educational foundation. What is certain is that William Shakespeare never proceeded to university schooling, which has contributed to the debate about the authorship of his works. The next documented event in Shakespeare's life is his marriage.
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Biographical Links, home, shakespeare's Last Will and Testament, for all his fame and celebration, william Shakespeare remains a mysterious figure with regards to personal history. There are just two primary sources for information on the bard: his works, and various legal and church documents that have survived from. Naturally, there are many gaps in this body of information, which tells us little about Shakespeare the man. William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-avon, allegedly on April 23, 1564. Church records from Holy Trinity Church indicate that he was baptized fuller there on April 26, 1564. Young William was born of John Shakespeare, a glover and leather merchant, and Mary Arden, a landed local heiress. William, according to the church register, was the third of eight children in the Shakespeare householdthree of whom died in childhood.