(ed note: try doing long division with Roman numerals sometime) All other languages made scientific, multi-valued logic almost impossible to achieve; in Speedtalk it was as difficult not to be logical. Compare the pellucid boolean logic with the obscurities of the Aristotelian logic it supplanted. Paradoxes are verbal, do not exist in the real world — and Speedtalk did not have such built into. Who shaves the Spanish Barber? Answer: follow him around and see. In the syntax of Speedtalk the paradox of the Spanish Barber could not even be expressed, save as a self-evident error (ed note: old pardox, a spanish Barber shaves all the men in his town who do not shave themselves. Does the barber shave himself?) An economical language cannot be limited to a thousand words; although almost every idea can be expressed somehow in a short vocabulary, higher orders of abstraction are convenient.
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The language consequently was learned by letter units rather than by word units — but each word was spoken and listened to as a single structured gestalt. But Speedtalk was not "shorthand" Basic English. "Normal" languages, having their roots in days of superstition and ignorance, have in them inherently and unescapably wrong structures of mistaken ideas about the universe. One can think logically in English only by extreme effort so bad it is as a mental tool. For example, the verb "to be" in English has twenty-one distinct meanings, every single one of which is false-to-fact. A symbolic structure, invented instead of accepted without question, can be made similar in structure to the real world to which it refers. The structure of Speedtalk did not contain the hidden errors of English; it was structured as much like the real world as the new Men could make. For example, it did not contain the unreal distinction between nouns and verbs found in most other languages. The world — the continuum known to science and including all human activity — does not contain "noun things" and "verb things it contains space-time events and relationships between them. The advantage for achieving truth, or something more nearly like truth, was similar to the advantage of keeping account books in Arabic numerals stories rather than Roman.
Back to work." Around World War. Samuel Renshaw at the Ohio state University was proving that most people are about one-fifth efficient in using their capacities to see, hear, taste, feel and remember. His research was swallowed in the morass of communist pseudoscience that obtained after World War iii, but, after his death, his findings were preserved underground Speedtalk was a structurally different speech from any the race had ever used. Long before, ogden and Richards had shown that eight hundred and fifty words were sufficient vocabulary to express anything that could be expressed by "normal" human vocabularies, with the aid entry of a handful of special words — a hundred odd — for each special field. About the same time phoneticians had analyzed all human tongues into about a hundred-odd sounds, represented by the letters of a general phonetic alphabet. On these two propositions Speedtalk was based. To be sure, the phonetic alphabet was much less in number than the words in Basic English. But the letters representing sound in the phonetic alphabet were each capable of variation several different ways — length, stress, pitch, rising, falling. The more trained an ear was the larger the number of possible variations; there was no limit to variations, but, without much refinement of accepted phonetic practice, it was possible to establish a one-to-one relationship with Basic English so that one phonetic symbol was equivalent.
She commenced throwing groups of figures on a screen, in flashes. "What was it, joe?" "Nine-six-oh-seven-two-That was as far as I got." "It was up there a full thousandth of a second. Why did you get only the left hand side of the group?" "That's all the farther I had read." "look at all. Don't make an effort of will; just look." She flashed another number. Joe's memory was naturally good; his intelligence was high-just how high he did not yet know. Un- convinced that the drill was useful, he relaxed and played along. Soon he was beginning to grasp a nine-digit array as a single gestalt; first gail reduced the flash time. "What is this magic revelation lantern gimmick?" he inquired. "It's a renshaw tachistoscope.
Basically, the problem is that such a language can exist as a scholarly language, but as soon as people (even the scholars that are already using it as a scholarly language) start speaking it in everyday life, the logicality of the language goes down the. The human brain has the tendency to mercilessly hack away from any sentence whatever information is not needed. If we know that the only material in the area that could be used for making blowguns is bamboo, we are unlikely to specify that bamboo was used in the manufacture of a given blowgun, no matter how much our Lobjan teachers scream in frustration. However, if you are of the opinion that design-a-baby genetic Engineering and/or Strong ai are possible, it should be easy to hardwire billy's Concise Grammar of Lobjan into the brain of your new strain of super-logicians (Could this be the origin of the vulcans? or into the cpu of your real people personality robot. That could make for an interesting plot: Tensions between Genetically Engineered Super-Brains who are always over-precise and pedantic and the average run of the mill Homo-sap who can never finish. Jon Brase tachistoscope In their underground classroom gail had available several types of apparatus to record and manipulate light and sound.
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Robert heinlein promoted this language's predecessor "Loglan" in his novel The moon Is a harsh Mistress. By then mike had voder-vocoder circuits supplementing his read-outs, print-outs, and decision-action boxes, and could understand not only classic programming but also loglan and English, and could accept other languages and was doing technical translating — and reading endlessly. But in giving him instructions was safer to use loglan. If you spoke english, results might be whimsical; multi-valued nature of English gave option circuits too much leeway. From the paper moon iarsh mistress by robert heinlein (1966) Dennis Pejcha proves that my understanding of Lojban is imperfect: I have done some reading about Lojban and I just wanted to comment that you seem to have misunderstood a bit of how the ella language works. There is nothing in the language that forces you to be unambiguous, but the speaker and listener would always be completely aware of precisely where the ambiguities are. The language certainly allows "make!" as a complete sentence - there is nothing grammatically incorrect about that at all.
However the excruciatingly correct translation of a sentence consisting of just the word for "make" would actually be something like: unspecified makes/made/is making unspecified using unspecified a person or computer fluent in Lojban understands that the word for make has a "place structure" of three. If I have already given you an order to make blowguns from the local bamboo equivalent and later came back to find you instead puttering around trying to design an atomic rocket, i might bark at you "make!" - i am obviously barking at you. Actually, perhaps I never even specified what you are to make them out of - you might be the weapons specialist and obviously much better suited than I to decide what the appropriate materials are, so i might have just told you to make blowguns. Lojban allows for such ambiguities, the key is that there is a rigid logical structure within which these ambiguities exist, so the speaker and listener should both be aware of exactly what the speaker is being ambiguous about and the listener can ask for clarification. So, no, a language like lojban will probably not, in and of itself, lead to an ultra-logical, vulcan-like race that is over-precise and excruciatingly pedantic (although it would probably be just the sort of language they would choose to use but it might lead. Dennis Pejcha jon Brase points out a pitfall with Lojban: The concept of a logical language (such as Lobjan or Speedtalk) is quite intriguing, but it might be good to let people know that a bit of a handwave is required to make it work. It's not a very drastic handwave though.
It is created in such a way that even if one speaks a lojban sentence with no spaces between the words, you can parse the sentence unambiguously in your mind (the technical term is "lack of word boundary ambiguity. This is not possible for, say, english, if you remove the spaces between the words in the following sentences, all the sentences sound the identical: Its not easy to wreck a nice beach. Its not easy to recognize speech. Its not easy to wreck an ice beach. The lojban word for "make" literally means "x makes y using material z" (e.g., "Thomas makes a blowgun using bamboo. Unless you fill in the words for x, y, and z you do not have a complete sentence.
Lojban's grammar was validated with the help of yacc, which is a software tool used to validate computer programming languages. Since lojban's grammar is based upon boolean algebra, it is remarkably unambiguous. Consider the English sentence "A pretty little girls' school". There are no less than sixteen possible interpretations of that sentence. A pretty (little (girls' school) An attractive small school for girls A pretty (little girls school) An attractive school for small girls A (pretty little) (girls' school) a fairly small school for girls A (pretty little) girls school a school for fairly small girls. In Lojban, it is impossible to create such an ambiguous sentence. Instead, there are sixteen sentences one can make, each one unambiguously expressing one of the sixteen possibilities.
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For example: "gh" is pronounced "f" at the end of rou gh, but pronounced "g" barbing at the start of gh ost. The "g" is silent in si g n but not silent in si g nature. "ea" is pronounced two different ways in m ea n and m. "s" is an s-sound in tick s but a z-sound in pig. What is worse is in English there are some different word sounds that share the exact same letter coding and there are no alternatives. For example th en and th in both use "th" even though they are two different word sounds, and there are no other letters that can be used distinguish the voiced and unvoiced "th" sound. Lojban has none writings of this mess, there are no silent letters and each letter has one and only one sound. Lojban also has an interesting intonation and word structure.
From, the elements of eloquence: how to turn the perfect english phrase by mark forsyth (2013 in some sf stories there are languages that actually help the users think faster and better. These include Speedtalk from Robert heinlein's "Gulf babel-17 turquoise from the novel of the same name by samuel. Delany, tenno Glyphs from the Exordium Series by Sherwood Smith and dave trowbridge, and the real-world language "Lojban.". Many of the novel of Harry harrison promote the language "Esperanto." However, Esperanto as a language has many flaws. In my opinion, a much better choice is the language. The language has many advantages. The grammar is based on boolean algebra (it is possible to use a subset of Lojban as a computer programming language). The letters in Lojban each denote a single phoneme, instead of the multiple phonemes English uses.
there is a good overview of the topic here. And go here for a discussion of using sign language while wearing space suits. Adjectives in English absolutely have to be in this order: noun. So you can have a lovely little old rectangular green French silver whittling knife. But if you mess with that word order in the slightest youll sound like a maniac. Its an odd thing that every. English speaker uses that list, but almost none of us could write it out. And as size comes before colour, green great dragons cant exist.
This page contains 26 pdf page templates with cursive letter tracing. Image format jpg versions of these uppercase printables are also available below. These a to z letter tracing printable templates are great for little children learning to draw and write the English Alphabet Letters. Printable information: Description: Childrens cursive letter tracing templates, letter case: Uppercase / Capital letters, book no of templates:. Format: pdf, download Free printable a to z cursive uppercase letter Tracing Templates. Printable Image jpg templates ( Cursive letters ). Lojban language logo, many science fiction novels have noted how difficult, illogical, unscientific, and inefficient the English language is (did you know that "ghoti" should be pronounced "fish?
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Printable cursive uppercase Alphabet Letter Tracing Templates. A to z cursive letter tracing sheets in Capital uppercase letters. These tracing handwriting templates are made available as free printables. Helps children learn writing the cursive alphabets quickly with tracing letter activities from A. This page contains uppercase letters in cursive. Click here for lowercase cursive letters. Print out as many copies as you need. you can also save the pdf cursive tracing templates to your computer and print revelation out copies anytime you like.