There has been one unsuccessful recall attempt in 1942. In addition, recall of municipal executives is possible since 2011. Signatures of 30 of all adult citizens are required to trigger a recall referendum. Thurgau : Recall of the executive and legislative is possible since 1869. 20,000 signatures (13 of all adult citizens) are required to trigger a recall referendum. There have been no recall attempts. Uri : Recall of the executive and legislative is possible since 1888. Since signatures (3 of all adult citizens) are required to trigger a recall referendum.
Soviet Union referendum, 1991 - wikipedia
30,000 signatures (4 of all adult citizens) are required to trigger a recall short referendum. There has been one unsuccessful attempt to recall the executive in travel 1852 Schatzgelder' affair). Schaffhausen : Recall of the executive and legislative is possible since 1876. 1,000 signatures (2 of all adult citizens) are required to trigger a recall referendum. There has been one unsuccessful attempt to recall the executive in 2000 triggered by the lawyer and cantonal mp gerold meier. Solothurn : Recall of the executive and legislative is possible since 1869. 6,000 signatures (3 of all adult citizens) are required to trigger a recall referendum. There has been one unsuccessful attempt to recall the executive and legislative in 1995 (related to a banking scandal). Three further attempts failed to collect the necessary number of signatures (1887, 1961, 1973). Ticino : Recall of the executive is possible since 1892. 15,000 signatures (7 of all adult citizens) are required to trigger a recall referendum.
At least 25 of the electorate in a specific place must have their signatures verified in a petition in order for the recall to take place. 4 The president, vice president, members of Congress, and the elected officials of the autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao cannot be removed via recall. The last recall election above the barangay level was the 2015 puerto assignment Princesa mayoral recall election. Recall regulations were introduced in Peru by the congreso constituyente democrático (Democratic Constituent Congress) which drafted a new constitution after Alberto fujimoris autogolpe in 1992. Between 19, more than 5000 recall referendums were activated against democratically elected authorities from 747 Peruvian municipalities (45.5 of all municipalities). This makes Peru the worlds most intensive user of this mechanism. Switzerland edit While recalls are not provided for at the federal level in Switzerland, six cantons allow them: 6 7 Bern : Recall of the executive and legislative is possible since 1846.
Article 14 of the. Constitution of Latvia enables the recall of the entire. Saiema, though not of specific representatives: Article 14 : Not less than one tenth of electors has the right to initiate a national referendum regarding recalling of the saeima. If the majority of voters and at least two thirds of the number of the voters who participated in the last elections of the saeima vote in the national referendum regarding recalling of the saeima, then the saeima shall be deemed recalled. The right to initiate a national referendum regarding recalling of the saeima may not be exercised one year reviews after the convening of the saeima and one year before the end of the term of office of the saeima, during the last six months of the. The electors may not recall any individual member of the saeima. Philippines edit Article 10 of the constitution of the Philippines allows for the recall of local officials. The local government Code, as amended, enabled the provisions of the constitution to be applied. Elected officials from provincial governors to the barangay councilors are allowed to be recalled.
Reitsma resigned during the secondary verification stage and the recall count ended. Citation needed, colombia edit, in Colombia, the recall referendum was included by the constitution in 1991. The constitutional replacement was launched as an answer to the movement known as la séptima papeleta (the seventh ballot which requested a constitutional reform to end violence, narcoterrorism, corruption and increasing citizenship apathy. The definition of recall referendum in relation to programmatic vote was approved. It obliges candidates running for office to register a government plan which is later on considered to activate the recall. Since the time the mechanism was regulated by law 134 in 1994, until 2015, 161 attempts led 41 referendums and none of them succeeded since the threshold of participation was not reached. In 2015, a new law (303/2015) reduced the number of signatures required to activate a recall referendum (from 40 per cent to 30 per cent of the total of votes obtained by the elected authority) and the threshold (dropping from the 50 per cent. The change in the regulation, also quickening the registration of promoters, led to a considerable increase in the number of attempts.
Referendums by country - wikipedia
Recalls, which are initiated when sufficient voters sign a petition, have a history dating back to ancient. Athenian democracy 1 and feature in several contemporary constitutions. In indirect or representative democracy people's representatives are elected and these representatives rule for paper a specific period of time. But if any representative comes to be perceived as not properly discharging their responsibilities, then they can be called back with the written request of specific number or proportion of voters. Contents, argentina edit, the recall referendum arrived to latin America shortly after it introduction at the us subnational level, in 19, to cordoba and Entre ríos meaning provinces, respectively, both in Argentina.
There recall is regulated at the provincial level in Chaco (introduced in 1957 Chubut (1994 córdoba (1923, 1987), corrientes (1960 la rioja (1986 rio negro (1988 santiago del Estero and tierra del fuego (1991 other provinces include it for their municipalities, namely, entre ríos (1933. It is also included in ciudad de buenos Aires (1996). The, legislative assembly of British Columbia enacted representative recall in 1995. In that province, voters in a provincial riding can petition to have their representative in parliament removed from office, even if that mla is also the premier. (Holding a seat in the legislature is not constitutionally necessary to be premier, however.) If enough registered voters sign the petition, the speaker of the legislature announces in parliament that the member has been recalled and the lieutenant governor drops the writ for a by-election. By january 2003, 22 recall efforts had been launched. No one has been recalled so far, but one representative, paul reitsma, resigned in 1998 when it looked as if the petition to recall him would have enough signatures to spur a recall election.
In Kirghizia, ukraine and Uzbekistan the additional question was on the sovereignty of their republics as part of a new union. 2 Kirghizia edit In Kirghizia, voters were also asked "do you agree that the republic of Kirghizistan should be in the renewed Union as a sovereign republic with equal rights?" It was approved.2 of voters, although turnout was only.7, compared.9. 20 Choice votes for.2 Against.8 Invalid/blank votes total 100 source: Nohlen. Ukraine edit main article: Ukrainian sovereignty referendum, 1991 In Ukraine, voters were also asked "do you agree that Ukraine should be part of a union of soviet sovereign states on the basis on the declaration of State sovereignty of Ukraine?" 21 The proposal was approved. 21 Choice votes for 25,224,687.7 Against 5,655,701.3 Invalid/blank votes 584,703 total 31,465,091 100 Registered voters/turnout 37,689,767.5 source: Nohlen stöver At the same day a referendum in the galician provinces ivano-Frankivsk, lviv, and Ternopil asked the three regions of the ussr about the. Of the voters in this referendum supported Ukraine's independence.
24 Uzbekistan edit In Uzbekistan, voters were also asked "do you agree that Uzbekistan should remain part of a renewed Union (federation) as a sovereign republic with equal rights?" It was approved.9 of voters, with a turnout.5. 1 Choice votes for.9 Against.1 Invalid/blank votes.1 Total 9,824,304 100 source: Nohlen. See also edit referendum was held only in Abkhazia and south Ossetia references edit a b dieter Nohlen, florian Grotz christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, volume i, p492 isbn x a b c Referendum of March 1991 Russian History Encyclopedia. historical overview of the pmr (Transnistria, transdniestr, Transdnestr, Pridnestrovie) Archived at the wayback machine. Understanding the cold War: a historian's Personal Reflections by Adam Bruno Ulam, leopolis Press, 2000, isbn (page 353) russia and the world Economy: Problems of Integration by Alan. nohlen, d stöver, p (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1647 isbn "Chronology". nohlen., p443 a b Nohlen stöver, p1985 dissolution: sovereignty and the Breakup of the soviet Union by Edward. Walker, rowman littlefield, 2003, isbn (134) The ukrainian West: Culture and the fate of Empire in soviet lviv by william jay risch, harvard University Press, 2011, isbn, (page 4) Cleft countries: Regional Political divisions and Cultures in Post-soviet Ukraine and Moldova (soviet and Post-soviet Politics. A recall election (also called a recall referendum or representative recall ) is a procedure by which voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote before that official's term has ended.
Philippine executive and legislative powers referendum
To determine the results of owl voting by the Union soviet Socialist Republic as a whole, taking into account the results of voting for each country separately. — Resolution of the ussr supreme soviet of Results edit Choice votes for 113,512,812.8 Against 32,303,977.2 Invalid/blank votes 2,757,817 total 148,574,606 100 Registered voters/turnout 185,647,355.0 source: Nohlen stöver 15 In participating republics edit republic For Against Invalid votes Total votes Registered voters Turnout. The result was.8 in favour of re-establishing the Estonian republic. 16 Latvia also held statement an official referendum on, when the overwhelming majority voted to re-establish the independent Latvian republic. Consequently, in these republics pro-soviet front-organisations organised voluntary referendums without official sanction. 17 18 Turnout of voting here was considerably less than 50 of the franchised voters of these countries, but this information was not included in the official statement of the central Commission of the referendum of ussr. 19 Republic For Against Invalid votes Total votes Registered voters (not equal to franchised voters) Turnout (based on registered, not franchised voters) Votes votes Armenia 2,541.46 966.54 42 3,549 4,923.09 georgia a 43,950.98.02 53 44,012 45,696.31 Abkhazia 164,231. In Russia, an additional question was asked on whether an elective post of the president of the russian sfsr should be created.
To instruct the ussr supreme council set a date for the referendum and ensure its measures. — resolution of the ussr from lics December 24, On 27 December 1990, congress of people's Deputies of the ussr decided to enact it adopted on the day the law of the ussr "On the popular vote (soviet plan Union referendum. 12 According to Art. 5 of the law of the ussr "On the popular vote (soviet Union referendum 13 Law of the ussr referendum destination belonged to the congress of people's Deputies of the ussr, and on matters not related to the exclusive jurisdiction of the ussr congress. "Based on the fact that no one, except the people can not take the historical responsibility for the fate of the ussr, pursuant to the decision of the fourth Congress of people's Deputies of the ussr in accordance with the law on the referendum. Carry out the entire territory of the soviet Union on Sunday, for the soviet Union referendum on the preservation of the soviet Union as a federation of equal republics. Turn on the ballot for secret voting the following wording of the question put to referendum, and the answers of voting: "do you consider it necessary to preserve the Union of soviet Socialist Republics as a renewed federation of equal sovereign republics, which will fully.
consequences, in case of acceptance of, or otherwise, was not specified) On the same day, at the initiative and insistence of the President mikhail Gorbachev, 10 11 the congress adopted two decisions on holding a referendum on the private ownership. For the adoption of the first resolution voted in 1553 deputies, against - 84, abstained -. For the adoption of the second resolution voted in 1677 deputies, against - 32, abstained -. 10 However, concerning the first decision the Chairman yh kalmykov later explained at a session of the supreme soviet of the ussr supreme council Committee for Legislation, the president asked to refrain from holding a referendum on the issue of private property. 10 Second course was given to the decree. It said that "due to numerous appeals of workers expressed concern about the fate of the ussr, and given that the preservation of a single union state is the most important issue of public life, affects the interests of each person, all the soviet Union's. Conduct a referendum of the ussr to address the issue of maintaining the Union as a renewed federation of equal sovereign soviet Socialist Republics, taking into account the results of voting for each country separately.
Abkhazia, where the remote result was over 98 in favour, 3 and in, south Ossetia 4, latvia, lithuania, and, moldova (though not, transnistria. Gagauzia 5 turnout was 80 across the rest of the soviet Union. 2 The referendum's question was approved by nearly 70 of voters in all nine other republics that took part. 6 It was the only referendum in the history of the soviet Union, as the august coup prevented the formation of the renewed federation, causing the soviet Union to be dissolved on 26 December 1991. 7 8 Contents overview edit On December 24, 1990, deputies of the 4th Congress of people's Deputies, having voted by name, decided to consider it necessary to preserve the ussr as a renewed federation of equal sovereign republics, which will be fully ensured human rights. 9 The referendum considered five questions: do you consider it necessary to preserve the ussr as a renewed federation of equal sovereign republics, which will be fully ensured of human rights and freedoms of any nationality? (Yes/No) do you consider it necessary to preserve the ussr as a single state? (Yes/No) do you consider it necessary to preserve the socialist system in the ussr?
California ballot proposition - wikipedia
Voting bulletin, a referendum on the future of the soviet Union was held on The question put to voters was. Voters database at a lithuanian polling station. Do you consider necessary the preservation of the. Union of soviet Socialist Republics as a renewed federation of equal sovereign republics in which the rights and freedom of an individual of any nationality will be fully guaranteed? the referendum was made with the aim of approving the. Union of sovereign States and was oblivious to the reform of the economic system question that will take place after the victory of Yeltsin in the elections. In, kazakhstan, the wording of the referendum was changed by substituting "equal sovereign states" for "equal sovereign republics". 2, although the vote was boycotted by the authorities. Armenia, estonia, georgia (though not the breakaway province.