State governments and the federal government of the United States. Since the founding of the country, and particularly with the end of the. American civil War, power shifted away from the states and towards the national government. The progression of federalism includes dual, state -centered, and new federalism. Contents, federalism in the early republic edit, federalism was a political solution for the problems with the. Articles of Confederation which gave little practical authority to the federal government.
Federalist papers in modern english
Retrieved "The Electoral count for the dissertation Presidential Election of 1789". The papers of george washington. Archived from the original on Retrieved may 4, 2005. Bibliography edit berg-Andersson, richard (September 17, 2000). "a historical Analysis of the Electoral College". Retrieved March 20, 2005. Elkins, Stanley ; McKitrick, eric (1995). The Age of Federalism. A new Nation Votes: American Election Returns, External links edit. The United States is composed of fifty self-governing states and several territories. Federalism in the United States is the constitutional relationship between,.
United States Election Project. a b Sharp, apple james Roger (1993). American Politics in the early republic: The new Nation in Crisis. patrick, john.; pious, richard.; Ritchie, donald. The Oxford guide to the United States government. Tufts.edu "1792 Presidential Electoral Vote count". Dave leip's Atlas.
(c) Those states that did choose electors by popular vote had widely varying restrictions on suffrage via property requirements. Electoral vote edit source: "Electoral College box Scores 17891996". National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved July 30, 2005. (a) (1) only 6 of the 15 states chose electors by any form of popular vote, (2) pre-Twelfth Amendment electoral vote rules obscure the intentions of the voters, and (3) those states that did choose electors by popular vote restricted the vote via property requirements. (b) Two electors from Maryland and one elector from Vermont did not cast votes. Electoral votes by state edit State washington Adams Clinton Jefferson Burr Connecticut Delaware georgia kentucky maryland Massachusetts New Hampshire new Jersey new York north Carolina pennsylvania rhode Island south Carolina vermont Virginia total source : dave leip's Atlas. Presidential Elections 5 Electoral college selection edit The constitution, in Article ii, section 1, provided that the state legislatures should decide the manner in which their Electors were chosen. Different state legislatures chose different methods: 6 Method of choosing electors State(s) state is divided into electoral districts, with one elector chosen per district by the voters of that district Kentucky virginia each elector chosen by voters statewide maryland Pennsylvania two congressional districts chose five.
The, federalist, papers
Federalists attacked Clinton for his past association with the morning anti-federalists. 2 With some democratic-Republican electors voting against their nominee george Clinton voting instead for Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr Adams easily secured re-election. Results edit results by county explicitly indicating the percentage of the winning candidate in each county. Shades of yellow are for the federalists and shades of blue are for Anti-federalists. At the time, there were 15 states in the United States: the 13 original states and the two recently admitted states of Vermont (March 1791) and Kentucky (June 1792). The Electoral College consisted of 132 electors, with each elector having two votes. The Electoral College chose washington unanimously.
John Adams was again elected vice-president as the runner-up, this time getting the vote of a majority of electors. George Clinton won the votes of only georgia, north Carolina, virginia, his native new York, and a single elector in Pennsylvania. Thomas Jefferson won the votes of Kentucky, newly separated from Jefferson's home state of Virginia. A single south Carolina elector voted for Aaron Burr. All five of these candidates would eventually win election to the offices of president or vice president. Popular vote edit source:. Source (Popular Vote a new Nation Votes: American Election Returns (a) Only 6 of the 15 states chose electors by any form of popular vote.
Clinton, the governor of New York and a former anti-federalist leader, became the party's nominee after he won the backing of Jefferson and James Madison. Clinton was from an electorally-important swing state, and he convinced party leaders that he would be a stronger candidate than another New Yorker, senator Aaron Burr. 2 A group of Democratic-Republican leaders met in Philadelphia in October 1792 and selected Clinton as the party's vice presidential candidate. 3 Campaign edit by 1792, a party division had emerged between Federalists led by Treasury secretary Alexander Hamilton, who desired a stronger federal government with a leading role in the economy, and the democratic-Republicans led by secretary of State Thomas Jefferson and Representative james Madison. Madison was at first a federalist until he opposed the establishment of Hamilton's First Bank of the United States in 1791.
He formed the democratic-Republican Party along with Anti-federalist Thomas Jefferson in 1792. The elections of 1792 were the first ones in the United States to be contested on anything resembling a partisan basis. In most states, the congressional elections were recognized in some sense as a "struggle between the Treasury department and the republican interest to use the words of Jefferson strategist John Beckley. In New York, the race for governor was fought along these lines. The candidates were Chief Justice john jay, a hamiltonian, and incumbent george Clinton, the party's vice presidential nominee. Although Washington had been considering retiring, both sides encouraged him to remain in office to bridge factional differences. Washington was supported by practically all sides throughout his presidency and gained more popularity with the passage of the bill of Rights. However, the democratic-Republicans and the federalists contested the vice-presidency, with incumbent John Adams as the federalist nominee and george Clinton as the democratic-Republican nominee.
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The choice for vice president was more divisive. Federalist Party threw its support behind the incumbent vice president, john Adams of Massachusetts, while the. Democratic-Republican Party backed the candidacy of New York governor george Clinton. Because few doubted that Washington would receive the greatest number of votes, Adams and Clinton were effectively competing for the vice presidency; gender under the letter of the law, however, they were technically candidates for president competing against Washington. Federalist nomination edit, democratic-Republican nomination edit, born out of the Anti-federalist faction that had opposed the constitution in 1788, the democratic-Republican Party was the main opposition to the agenda of Treasury secretary Alexander Hamilton. They had no chance of unseating Washington, but hoped to win the vice presidency by defeating the incumbent, Adams. Many democratic-Republicans would have preferred to nominate Thomas Jefferson, their ideological leader and Washington's Secretary of State. However, this would have cost them the state of Virginia, as electors were not permitted to vote for two candidates from their home state and Washington was also a virginian.
election that was not held exactly four years after the previous election, although part of the previous election was held four years prior. Contents, candidates edit, in 1792, presidential elections were still conducted according to the original method established under the. Under this system, each elector cast two votes: the candidate who received the greatest number of votes (so long as they won a majority ) became president, while the runner-up became vice president. Twelfth Amendment would eventually replace this system, requiring electors to cast one vote for president and one vote for vice president, but this change did not take effect until 1804. Because of this, it is difficult to use modern-day terminology to describe the relationship among the candidates in this election. Washington is generally held by historians to have run unopposed. Indeed, the incumbent president enjoyed bipartisan support and received one vote from every elector.
The recipient of the most votes would then become president, and the runner-up vice president. Democratic-Republican Party, which had organized in opposition to the policies of Secretary of the Treasury. Alexander Hamilton, supported Clinton for the position of vice president. Adams, meanwhile, was backed by the. Federalist Party in his bid for another term. Neither party had fully organized, and partisan barbing divisions had not yet solidified. Washington received 132 electoral votes, one from each elector. Adams won 77 electoral votes, enough to win re-election. Clinton finished in third place with 50 electoral votes, taking his home state of New York as well as three.
The, federalist, papers : Modern, english, edition Two: Mary
The, united States presidential election of 1792 was the second quadrennial presidential election. It was held from Friday, november shredder 2 to wednesday, december 5, 1792. President, george washington was elected to a second term by a unanimous vote in the electoral college, while, john Adams was re-elected as vice president. Washington was essentially unopposed, but Adams faced a competitive re-election against governor. George Clinton of New York. Washington was widely popular, and no one made a serious attempt to oppose his re-election. Electoral rules of the time required each presidential elector to cast two votes without distinguishing which was for president and which for vice president.