It takes a truly devoted soul to completely and utterly give himself up like that for the sake of humanity. I am truly awed by this man. He directed the people of India to be non-violent; silence can be stronger than the spoken word. I am one who thinks 'outside the box so the idea of a nation that has non-violent peace protests sounds very appealing. Can you imagine the world if it were possible to be rid of violence and ndhi could, and that was what he strived to create. Gandhi experienced his first taste of racial discrimination while traveling by train to Pretoria. In spite of carrying a first class ticket, he was indiscriminately thrown out of the train by the authorities on the instigation of a white man.
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The message he brought to the world was of truth, freedom and non-violence. He fought for many different causes, and his weapons were satya (truth) and Ahisma (non-violence). He fought strong and hard with his weapons of Satya and Ahisma to win the independence of the Indian people. Mahatma was a great soul, and he exemplifies the meaning of a man who was quite possibly the greatest human same being the 20th century has seen. . Gandhi was a great leader to the people and his life became a message to the world. He was a man who wanted to create order from all of the chaos. He had faith in the people, and he had amazing will power. And he just kept believing. . Gandhi had an altruistic philosophy, which may have appeared to be a utopian ideal. However, only an individual with considerable self-respect, unshakable faith in human nature and detachment can survive where alienation, serious crime, and unadulterated violence are ripping a society apart.
The best prayer we can offer him to his memory is to dedicate ourselves to truth and the cause for which this great countryman of our lived and for which he died. His death marked the culmination of a great soul and its illustrious career. He had grown into a living legend during his lifetime. His legend continues to grow as happens in the case of great men of all times like buddha and Christ. He led us to freedom and independence and we in our turn rewarded him with a cross. No doubt history repeats and so exactly. Total- 863 Words, mahatma gandhi was a great leader parts to the people and his life became a message to the world.
Gandhi was paper desperately busy in containing the carnage and slaughter in Bengal. Delhi itself was engulfed in a sort of civil war. He reached Delhi to quell the communal violence and addressed large gathering of people in his prayer meetings urging them not to shed blood but violence and hatred. He also contemplated a peace mission to pakistan, but soon he was shot dead while going to the prayer meeting by a fanatic named Nathuram Godse. The whole country was flung into a great crisis, turmoil and mourning. Then addressing the nation,. Nehru said, The light has gone out of our lives and there is darkness everywherethe father of the nation is no more.
It was a historic event and an unprecedented example of mass civil-disobedience. He was released in January and invited to attend the second round Table conference in London. After his return from London he was again arrested and the congress banned. Following the failure and rejection of Cripps Mission, he began his famous quit India movement, a final mass civil-disobedience movement. He arid other leaders were again arrested and there were wide spread protests and demonstrations. At last, the British cabinet in London decided to withdraw British government from India and Lord mountbatten was given the charge for the final withdrawal. He was against the partition but Jinnah was adamant and so partition became imminent. Finally, india became free on 15th August, 1947, but at once the whole country was in communal flames and there were large scale arson, violence, murders, slaughters and brutal attacks on convoys of migrating people. Gandhi was shocked, shattered and disillusioned.
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He introduced Khadi and popularized the spinning wheel to mitigate the sufferings of the rural poor. The wheel and Khadi soon became powerful weapons and symbols of national unity, integration, social renaissance and a kind of economical revolution among the masses. He travelled extensively, met people, exchanged ideas with them, won their hearts and minds and converted them into his faith. Crowds rushed to see him, to know his views and to seek his guidance on various issues. They became integral part of his crusade against slavery, exploitation, injustice, suppression, hatred and violence.
It was Gurudev rabindranath Tagore who for the first time called him Mahatma, a great soul in recognition of his many great qualities of heart and soul. He was imprisoned on several occasions on false and fabricated charges but his spirit of devotion to the cause of liberty, remained ever biography undaunted, nay emerged stronger, nobler and more determined analysis after every such imprisonment. In December 1929, at the annual session of the congress in Lahore, he made the party pass a unanimous resolution of Swaraj, complete freedom. On March 12, 1930 he undertook the famous Dandi march. On April 6, he reached the seashore and lifted a lump of salt in a symbolic violation of the monopolistic and cruel law of the British government. He was arrested and so were thousands of other leaders and his followers.
He studied the bible, henry Thoreaus essay on civil Disobedience and the works of Tolstoy. These studies strengthened further his convictions, resolves and vows regarding non-violence, brahamcharya, non-possession, devotion to god and service to the humanity at large. He had his first practice session in non-violence, civil disobedience and service on a very small scale. Advertisements: he led the Indian community against very discriminatory and prejudicial laws which required them to be registered and finger-printed and carry special identity cards. Similarly, he organised Indian Ambulance corps in the boar War and worked as a stretcher-bearer. It was an object lesson in how to serve the mankind which earned him appreciation and admiration of many in the government and the public.
He returned to India in 1915 and was accorded a very warm reception on his return to his country on January. He established an ashram on the bank of river Sabarmati, near Ahmadabad on the same lines and principles on which had done so in south Africa. He came under the influence of moderate congress leader Gopal Krishna gokhle, and began to regard himself as his follower. He championed the cause of the indigo farmers of Champaran in Bihar against their exploitation. In 1918 he began the Kheda peasant satyagraha and then a movement against Rowlett Act by giving nationwide call for hartal for a day. His identification with the poor and downtrodden masses of India was natural, spontaneous and complete. His utter simplicity, sincerity and deep faith in the noble cause of freedom and welfare of the people helped him to turn the freedom struggle into a mass movement. Soon he became synonymous with Congress and the freedom movement. He inspired the masses with confidence, courage and hope.
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This process of deep introspection and prayer, soon transformed him into a determined vocal, analytical and committed business person. Spiritually, he grew in stature rapidly and found his self-confidence and moorings. During these great formative days, he studied Gita besides Ruskins Unto This Last. It was just a chance that a friend had given him Ruskins book to browse as he travelled on a board to dublin from Johannesburg in 1904. He resolved to renounce wealth and materialistic possessions to become a true karma yogi. Work is worship became his most cherished motto and ideal and he began to do all his work with his own hands in spite of the fact that he was now in a very comfortable position financially. He then took a vow of strict celibacy with the due knowledge and consent of his wife kasturba. He set up Phoenix Farm near Durban and continued his experiments with truth and soul-searching.
In 1891, he passed his Bar-at-Law examination and in the summer of the same year returned to India, to his great relief, and he was called to the bar at Bombay but again as a praclicener of law, he proved a miserable failure. His self- consciousness was too great a stumbling block to overcome. Then he went to south Africa in April 1893 to help a distant relation in legal matters. His long stay in Africa proved a blessing in disguise and really a turning point. In south Africa, gandhi was subjected to too much humiliation, indignities and apartheid. He was even thrown out of a train because he dared to travel in the first class with a white man. These trials, tribulations and travails helped him a lot to ponder hard on the matter and to turn towards God for light, guidance and help.
many thousand years. Before his departure to london, he took a solemn vow to abstain from meat, wine and sex. In London, he had a very unhappy and restless life as he felt like a square peg in a round hole in the so sophisticated English society and milieu. He remained almost an outcast although he tried to ape the English youth. All his attempts to become a fashionable English gentleman again proved a misadventure as his attempts to smoke and eating meat had proved earlier in India. Therefore, he gave up these attempts of becoming a gentleman and decided to follow his own nature. There he read Barnard Shaws Plea for Vegetarianism and declared, From the day of reading this book, i may claim to have become a vegetarian by choice—the spread of which became my mission. He also setup a vegetarian club there and one day invited Sir Adwin Arnold to become the clubs Vice- president.
When quite young, he tried eating meat and presentation smoking but instantly he was overcome with deep remorse, repentance and revulsion. Similarly, when his father was dying, he was busy enjoying sex with his wife kasturba gandhi. When he came to know about the death of his father he was overwhelmed with a sense of shock and remorse. These petty misadventures and experiments of his formative years left indelible impression on his young mind and later we see him taking a strict vow of celibacy, non-injury and compassion towards all living beings. Thus, he developed sharp and strong ideas about a number of important things of life. After his fathers death he sailed from Bombay to london to study law so that he could become diwan of a princely State in Gujarat. Advertisements: The voyage was nothing short of a revolutionary step for him because for a traditional family of Gandhi it was a sort of sacrilege.
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Advertisements: read this essay on Mahatma gandhi (1869. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Bapu (the father estate of the nation) and Mahatma (the great soul) was born at Porbandar on 2nd October, 1869. Karamchand was his father and Putlibai was his mother. His father was a hereditary diwan of a petty princely state in erstwhile kathiwara. Advertisements: His mother was a pious, god-fearing, devout and simple lady given to traditional religious practices such as prayers, reciting of Gods names, counting rosary beads etc. They belonged to the caste of vaishya. Gandhis father came to rajkot from Porbandar when Gandhi was married at the early age of 13 to kasturba. He passed matriculation at the age of 17 and then studied for some time in a college at Bhavnagar.