This can be alternated if the second academic has to undertake work developing the paper resulting in being the second author (Table 4 : author listing C). There may be the need to have additional authors if further expertise is required in terms of data analysis or knowledge of the subject area. The author listing will depend on the preferences of the authors and based upon the requirements of the work the author positions will become clear. Journals: Ranking and Selection peer-reviewed journals are published by established publishing houses. A good overview of journals is provided by the Writers and Artists yearbook and the Writers Handbook (both available from high street book stores). The lists provided in these include recognised publishers such as the Oxford University Press, cambridge University Press, sage, carfax, routledge, and Blackwell. In terms of the subject area of Business and Management the definitive guide to journal ranking and selection is the Association of Business Schools (ABSs) tables for the United Kingdom which are an amalgam of previous ranking systems (Table 5 ). All peer-reviewed journals undertake double or triple blind peer-review refereeing, with the editor acting as a gatekeeper.
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Table 3 shows the quality of a dissertation based on the percentage and award level. In terms of a dissertation being the right quality to alighieri form the basis of a journal paper a pass mark of 4059 will probably not provide a dissertation that can be used. There is a need to focus on dissertations of at least 6069 (merit) and especially 70 (distinction) to have the basis for a good refereed journal paper. Table 3: quality of dissertation. Choosing appropriate dissertations will involve a process of elimination to sift out those that are not the right quality and to identify appropriate subject areas of interest to the author and journals. Authorship The basis of the writing team will be formed by the dissertation supervisor and the student. If the supervisor is confident of developing a dissertation, with the help of the student providing additional information, a two coauthor paper should suffice. Often a supervisor wants to include an additional academic who has publishing experience to help with the development of the paper (Table 4 ). This can be of considerable help to the dissertation supervisor who might have a heavy teaching load and little time to work on a paper or wants a member of staff with publishing experience to craft the paper for publication and who has expert knowledge. Table 4 shows a typical listing of authors for a peer-reviewed journal with the lead author being the dissertation student, or supervisor, the second author the dissertation supervisor, student, or second academic who has publishing experience, and the third resume author the second academic or the.
To achieve this the publication process model can be followed when converting a dissertation into a journal article (Figure 2 ). Figure 2: Publication roles process model. Factors taken into account are the quality of the dissertation, the authorship involved, selection of appropriate journals, trimming the dissertation to the correct length for the journal, and developing the draft and submission to the target journal. The criteria involved in developing a dissertation into a journal paper are shown in Table. Table 2: Criteria for developing a dissertation into a journal paper. Quality of the dissertation, the quality of the dissertation is an important initial factor. If the dissertation has not received a good mark, it will probably not evolve into a ranked journal article.
Conversion Factor where —number of peer-review journal article papers, and —number of peer-reviewed conference papers. For an academic with 91 refereed conference papers and 90 refereed journal papers the conversion factor will equal.989 and can be considered to show good conversion. For an academic who has presented 30 refereed conference papers and 10 journal papers this gives a figure.33 and shows low conversion. By developing dissertations into journal articles it is possible to improve journal paper output. In relation to this journal productivity needs to be taken into account. In terms of the forthcoming ref there is a need for four academic journal papers by november 2013, and this can be achieved by developing four dissertations into journal papers during 20 (Table 1 ). Table 1: journal productivity. The journal paper target is two in 2012 and two in 2013 with abs 1 or 2 ranking.
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Academic staff will have varied experience of publishing in journals ranging from little to considerable experience. There are a number of ways to develop journal papers, and these include the following i)coauthoring and developing conference papers food ii)writing up research project results as journal papers iii)using a masters dissertation to develop a journal paper iv)assisting an established author on a project, and(v)coauthorship. The sources of journal articles are shown in Figure 1 with the emphasis placed on masters dissertations involving the editing process leading to publication in peer-reviewed journals. Figure 1: sources of journal articles. If a dissertation is the right quality and appropriate to a particular journal then a submission can be made.
There are a number of factors involved and ways of doing this including the publication toolkit and the personal publication programme. An ideal situation for a less-experienced academic, in terms of publishing, is to have a mentor or more experienced colleague who can offer advice on developments within a shared subject area and who may offer to coauthor. To develop a research journal publications profile there are a number of factors that have to be taken into consideration, and these include the conversion of conference papers into journal article papers, journal productivity, the publication process model, and criteria for developing a journal paper. First, there is the conversion factor for converting conference papers into journal papers ( 1 ). If this is one or greater, it is a positive factor and shows that the author has successfully taken papers from conference to journal.
By undertaking this distillation of relevant material, to enable the efficient conversion of dissertations into journal articles, appropriate procedures and conclusions have been compiled. Findings present current thinking on the conversion of a dissertation into a journal paper in terms of how dissertations differ from journal articles, reframing for publication, rethinking the material, trimming the length, time taken to rewrite the material, specific lessons, and adapting for publication. Recommendations provided in the paper will enable staff to take this course of action when developing their publication portfolio to become more research active and to make an important contribution to the publication output of their department/school/faculty, especially with regard to assessment exercises such. The value of the paper is that by following appropriate approaches, processes, and procedures it is possible to convert a good dissertation into a ranked journal article. Introduction, this paper provides a toolkit that can be used by academics as part of a systematic approach to convert a dissertation into a journal article. The paper considers a number of factors, and these include the quality of the dissertation, the authorship involved, journal ranking and selection, how dissertations differ from journal articles, reframing for publication, turning the dissertation into a publication, contents, seven rules, and conclusions.
The extant literature describes a number of approaches to convert dissertations into journal articles including revising dissertation chapters for publication as journal articles 1, converting a dissertation into a journal article 2, turning a dissertation into a publication, writing a journal article in twelve weeks. Thirty years ago it was fairly easy to publish, but, in recent times with the research Assessment Exercise (rae now the research Excellence Framework (ref it has become more difficult. This has resulted in more competition and rigorous processes. In response to this academic staff need to follow a personal publication programme as outlined in this paper in the publication toolkit in order to develop good dissertations into rated journal articles. As a consequence the rae, now the ref, has created greater competition between universities and academic staff for national recognition and research-related income resulting in research becoming an important activity in the traditional teaching led universities. Many academics undertake research to support their teaching and publishing articles in journals that is a useful way to gain recognition. This may not be an end in itself but is important to gain internal and external recognition. Many academic posts prioritise applicants with an established or future research profile.
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A comprehensive listing of all references appears in a reference/Bibliography section. Glamorgan Business School, faculty of Business and Society, university of Glamorgan, pontypridd CF37 1dl,. Copyright 2012 Brychan Thomas and heather skinner. This is an open access article distributed under parts the. Creative commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work proposal is properly cited. The aim of the paper is to elucidate a systematic approach to convert a masters dissertation into a journal article. This approach has involved a fundamental thematic review of the literature concerning the conversion of dissertations into journal articles. From these sources pertinent approaches, processes, lessons, and guidance have been noted and analysed.
For example: Part 2: Structure of the Elements. 1: List of elements. Text is double-spaced throughout. . do not insert extra blank lines or spacing to separate text. You may insert blank lines at the bottom of one page in order to keep a single table from breaking, or when inserting a figure. Special instructions for journal Model: A journal model manuscript should contain 2 or more journal articles. First chapter contains an Introduction discussing all research presented in the document, including: Literature review, Study Area, and Literature cited. Each resume article appears in its own chapter and may have its own List of References. Last chapter is a summary or Conclusion of all research.
common abstract, introduction, detailed review of the literature, and conclusion that ties together the major results and reference sections. . Unavoidably, this will duplicate some of the introductory and concluding material in each article. The following chart should help explain the structure for a journal model: checklist for body of thesis, separated into chapters with chapter titles. Appropriately formatted according to chosen style manual, such as apa, mla, chicago/Turabian, etc. Headings and subheadings are consistently formatted throughout the document. . do not change heading structure midway through the document. A subheading at the bottom of the page must have at least one line of text beneath. . Otherwise, the subheading may be moved to the next page. Do not use numbering systems to designate sections and subsections. .
By publishing a journal paper, the writer is reaching out to wider and diverse audiences. These may include, but are not limited to, academics, researchers, service users, commissioners, managers, colleagues and other professionals. Undoubtedly undertaking research as part of the requirement for obtaining academic awards is important, its findings. Page 2. Departments may elect to use a specific journals format for the body of the thesis or dissertation; the journal should be a respected scholarly journal well known in the major field. . The decision to follow the journal model is made by the students department and advisor, not the student. A journal model manuscript should contain 2 or more journal articles. . If it does not, business then the document should be formatted as a regular thesis or dissertation.
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The importance of publishing, long to have been awarded a doctorate or PhD degree, the author usually must have undertaken an original piece of empirical research. The work has already been quality stamped as it would have been assessed by several academics and deemed to have been good enough to lead to the award of a doctorate or PhD. This in itself does not guarantee it will be accepted as a peer reviewed journal paper in the shape or format that it is, primarily because the thesis, its structure and content, are shaped by requirements which differ to those required by a journal. Put simply, the thesis is a means of assessing the candidates research competencies and typically requires a comprehensive display of research methods knowledge including the ability to design, investigate and present well supported empirical claims about a proposed phenomenon with a particular attention to the. If this work is not published in a scholarly journal it will reach a limited audience. As such, it is highly unlikely to influence practice or thinking and it will remain largely unread except possibly by the examiners, research supervisors, other doctoral candidates, peers or perhaps the occasional academic. In general, theses which remain in academic libraries are unlikely to be accessed by service providers, service users or commissioners of services or funders.